The return of summer time in Russia in 2019
The transition to "summer" and "winter" time for many countries is quite commonplace. However, not so long ago, we also regularly converted the hands of watches, twice a year rebuilding our entire mode.
For several years now, all Russians have been living in “winter” time, which is quite comfortable with the majority of citizens. But still, people are closely monitoring the news on the transition to "summer" time, because very often from the lips of politicians there are statements about the need to return the translation of the clock.
Since the memories of the discomfort associated with the transition to this or that time are still quite fresh, Russians want to know in advance what to expect in 2019.
The assurances of the government suggest that no changes in the “provisional” policy of the country will occur. Of course, there are quite a few officials who do not tire of pointing out the economic benefits of the two modes of time. In their opinion, now the country needs more than ever the savings that summer time can bring. But their assurances are unlikely to change the position of the government and return the watch transfer.
Why did they talk about the return of “summer” time?
Our country started translating the clock hands since 1917, and since then, the government has repeatedly changed the “temporary” regime.
So, the government changed the dates of the transition, and several times it completely canceled it, which attracted discontent among citizens and even economic losses.
Needless to say, such a “leapfrog” routine has bothered the Russians, who were forced to constantly adapt themselves to one or another mode of life.
Only in 2014 the situation somewhat "settled", when the government decided to stop at "winter" time and not to cancel the transition to "summer".
However, now the debate about the need to translate the clock resumed, and the reason for this was the worsening economic situation in the country.
So, after almost ten years, during which our state received impressive profits from high oil prices, there came a period of collapse in the value of “black gold” and a fall in the Russian economy. Because of this, the revenues to the state budget have significantly decreased, and the issue of saving money has become especially acute.
As in some cases, even the main social programs have ceased to be sufficient, the government began to look for ways to reduce costs.One way to save is just the transition from "winter" time to "summer" and vice versa. Since the translation of the clock allows the full use of the entire length of the daylight, it saves up to 4 billion rubles a year.
Adherents of the return of "summer" time emphasize that the translation of the arrows an hour ahead is not such a big sacrifice, but the benefit from such a measure is quite impressive.
In their view, the savings can be used to implement the anti-crisis program and provide the most important articles of the state budget. Given that the country's economy is very slowly emerging from the recession, this position is supported by more and more politicians.
In addition, officials take into account and complaints of residents of the eastern regions that the current "winter" time absolutely does not fit the rhythm of their lives, because for them the light working day has significantly decreased.
Is the return profitable?
This issue raises a huge number of disputes, because it is the estimated economic benefit is the main argument for the introduction of different time periods.
Many experts point out that the translation of watches makes rational use of daylight saving and allows reducing consumption of energy resources.The main benefits from this are the owners of industrial organizations, because they can maximize the use of natural lighting.
As already noted, the country’s transition from one time to another saves close to 4 billion rubles annually.
In addition, there is an opinion that the presence of two time periods helps to improve the ecology. This position is explained quite simply: as much as possible using the entire length of the day, thermal power plants consume less resources, which reduces the amount of harmful substances emitted into the atmosphere.
But these arguments have long been contested by many scientists and economic experts. So, according to economists' estimates, translating the hands an hour forward, and then pulling back the impressive costs of retooling accurate equipment in enterprises. By and large, this practically eliminates all the savings obtained due to the transition to "summer time".
But the main disadvantage of introducing different time periods is its negative impact on people's health. We are all accustomed to a specific biological rhythm, sleep and wakefulness, but with the transfer of hours it changes dramatically, forcing our body to quickly adapt to the new rules.
The consequences of such stress are: insomnia, aggravation of chronic diseases, weakening of the immune system, exacerbation of cardiovascular diseases. In the period of adaptation to the new rhythm, people complain of a decrease in working capacity, deterioration of concentration and even depression.
Will summer time be back?
Given that the savings from the transfer of hours is in great doubt, but the harm from this measure is quite real, then it is hardly worth waiting for news regarding the return of “summer” time.
Of course, many politicians will insist on such a need, but the position of the government on this issue is clear: the Russians will continue to live in "winter" time.